Task 4: Education Research

When performing our T.I.E piece, our audience will be either Key Stage 1 or Key Stage 2 primary school students. The BBC website (2016) states that students in Key Stage 1 are aged 5-7 in years 1 and 2. However, Key Stage 2 covers a higher range of students, they will be aged 7-11 and their school years will be between 3 and 6.

For both Key Stages, the subjects that must be taught to children are almost similar, the only difference is that Languages are not introduced until Key Stage 2. The government (2015) have released a guideline on the curriculum which was introduced in 2014 but updated a year later. The subjects taught at these two key stages are:

  • English
  • Maths
  • Science
  • Art and Design
  • Computing
  • Design and Technology
  • Geography
  • History
  • Music
  • Physical Education

When thinking about devising our own Theatre In Education piece, we must chose a subject that we can create a story around which will be able to teach our audience something. To do this, we will need a subject with different topics that are learned in a classroom and we can’t run an exercise that isn’t acting related. The specific topics within these subjects include:

  1. English- According to Perryfields Primary Schoolthe curriculum base is the same throughout Key Stage 1 and 2 which will be developed in more detail over the school years. Spoken Language, Reading (word and comprehension) and Writing (spelling, handwriting/presentation, composition, vocabulary/grammar/punctuation).
  2. Maths- The government website has the curriculum split into years 1 and 2 for key stage 1. Counting is taught in key stage 1, focusing on counting from 1 to 100 while using their 2, 5 and 10 times tables. Along with that, children are expected to be given a number and know which number comes before and after. Addition and subtraction is also important as well as multiplication and division. Finally, children will also learn about fractions, measurements and geometry. For key stage 2, this is again the basis, but expanded, with children learning their 4, 8, 50 and 100 times tables and being able to count between 1 and 1000. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, measurements and division is also expanded.
  3. Science- The primary curriculum website states that in key stage 1, the topics that are looked at for year 1 are: plants (identifying names and structures), animals/humans (identifying different animals and be able to draw and label a diagram of the human body), everyday materials and seasonal changes (looking at how the weather changes through Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter). The only difference for year 2 is that ‘Living Things and their Habitats’ replaces the seasons, which looks at looking at the differences between the living and the dead as well as identifying the habitats of animals. The curriculum is expanded for Key Stage 2 as seen on the government website, year 3 looks at: Plants, Animals/Humans, Rocks, Light and Forces/Magnets. Year 4 introduces sound and electricity, Earth and Space will then be looked at in year 5 and finally, in year 6, Evolution will be taught as well.
  4. Geography- Key Stage 1: Geography in this key stage aims to help students gain some knowledge of locations around the world, such as the continents and oceans. The United kingdom as a whole is looked at, with students learning about the four countries and their capital cities with places around it as well. Children must also learn about a small part of the UK which can be compared with a place not in Europe. Weather is also taught about and their patterns across the year, not just in the UK, but looking at hot and cold areas of the world. All of this is developed in Key Stage 2 because instead of just looking at continents, countries in Europe and South and North America will be the focus. After looking at the UK’s capital countries, other cities across the UK will be looked at and how the area has changed over time in terms of mountains, cliffs and their rivers. As mentioned above, students will have to look at geographical similarities in a region in Europe, North and South America.
  5. History- Key Stage 1: In this key stage, students are taught about topics which will be developed in Key Stage 2 including: ‘changes in recent history’, significant events that are not in recent history, such as the Great Fire of London, local events and key people who were significant in time who can be compared to other figures (e.g, Rosa Parks and Emily Davison. Key Stage 2: Overall, there are nine topics to study, therefore three for each school year, it does not specifically stage which topics must be taught in which year or term. However, the topics to be studied include learning about how Britain had changed between the Stone Age and Iron Age, specifically: late Neolithic hunter-gatherers, the Bronze Age (for example, technology and religion) and culture of the Iron Age. The Roman Empire is the next focus of study with examples of the period including Julius Caesar and his attempt to invade Britain, Boudicca, and the Roman Army. The guideline states that the next topic is ‘Britain’s Settlement by Anglo Saxons and Scots’. The next historical topics of study are the Vikings and the Anglo Saxons such as when and how the Vikings invaded and Edward the Confessor.  

Reference List:

No author. (2015) The National Curriculum and Key Stages in England. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/parents/national_curriculum_key_stages/ (Accessed 19 October 2016)

Department For Education. (2015) The National Curriculum in England. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/425601/PRIMARY_national_curriculum.pdf (Accessed 19 October 2016)

No author. (2014) National Curriculum 2014 Literacy Objectives. Available at: perryfields-pri.sandwell.sch.uk/media/display/National-Curriculum-2014-English-Obj.pdf

No author. (No date) KS2 Geography. Available at:  www.primarycurriculum.me.uk/ks2/georgraphy (Accessed 20 October 2016)

Department for Education. (2015) Mathematics Programme of Study. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/335158/PRIMARY_national_curriculum_-_Mathematics_220714.pdf (Accessed 23 October 2016)

No Author. (No date) Y 1 Science. Available at: http://www.primarycurriculum.me.uk/year1/science (Accessed 23 October 2016)

Department for Education. (2015) Science Programmes of Study. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/425618/PRIMARY_national_curriculum_-_Science.pdf (Accessed 23 October 2016)



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